Sopheap Pich is widely considered to be Cambodia’s most internationally prominent contemporary artist. Born in Battambang, Cambodia, in 1971, he moved with his family to the United States in 1984. After receiving his BFA (University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1995) and MFA (The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, 1999), he returned to Cambodia in 2002, where he began working with local materials – bamboo, rattan, burlap, beeswax and earth pigments gathered from around Cambodia – to make sculptures inspired by bodily organs, vegetal forms, and abstract geometric structures. Pich’s childhood experiences during the genocidal conditions of late 1970s Cambodia had a lasting impact on his work, informing its themes of time, memory, and the body. His sculptures stand out for their subtlety and power, combining refinement of form with a visceral, emotive force.
In 2013, Pich presented a highly acclaimed solo exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, entitled Cambodian Rattan: The Sculptures of Sopheap Pich. The museum’s first solo show given to a contemporary Southeast Asian artist, the exhibition “can be regarded as a cameo retrospective, since its 10 works accurately reflect the range of the artist’s motifs from 2005 to late 2012,” according to Art in America. It included several large bio-morphic rattan sculptures which had been shown in the artist’s two previous solo exhibitions at Tyler Rollins Fine Art, The Pulse Within (2009) and Morning Glory (2011). Also featured were works from Pich’s geometric series, Wall Reliefs, which were debuted in a room sized installation at Documenta (13) in Kassel, Germany (2012), and subsequently shown in Reliefs, his third exhibition at Tyler Rollins Fine Art (2013). While using the same locally sourced materials seen in his earlier, more free-flowing works, Pich’s grid-based Wall Reliefs reflect the artist’s increasing interest in abstraction and conceptualization. They consist of bamboo grids covered with strips of burlap salvaged from used rice bags that had been patched by previous owners with old fabrics and colorful bits of plastic twine, with added layers of encaustic. Pich explains: “These grid works, reduced to their bare materials and shapes, represent for me a kind of distillation of emotion, of remembrance, of reflections on what has influenced me, or the places I have been.” Works from this series have been acquired by numerous major museums, including: the Centre Pompidou, Paris; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; SFMOMA; and M+, Hong Kong.
Pich recently presented a new body of works on paper, alongside a floor-standing sculpture, at the 2017 Venice Biennale in the main exhibition, Viva Arte Viva. Each of these “drawings” was created by dipping a stick of bamboo in a mixture of earth pigments and gum Arabic, then repeatedly pressing it on watercolor paper. The passage of time is recorded as the ink slowly fades from the sticks after repeated pressings. A subtle tension exists between the precise linearity of the impressions of the sticks and the irregularities caused by the natural texture of the bamboo, variations in the surface of the work table, and changes in pressure of the artist’s hand. “The result,” Pich says,” is work that evolves on its own terms rather than according to any preconceived subject matter. The power of the drawings lies in the limitations set on their making: the ink waxes and wanes in intensity as the marks are repeated in time and over space, and the topographies arising from the bamboo stick are scaled to the proportions of the paper.” New, larger format works on paper will be featured in Pich’s upcoming solo exhibition opening at Tyler Rollins Fine Art on November 1, 2018. They will be shown together with Ordeal, a large-scale sculpture currently on exhibition at the Asian Civilisations Museum in Singapore. The sculpture, part of a series of related works, was inspired by the seed pods of the Ordeal tree (Erythrophleum guineense), which was imported to Southeast Asia from tropical Africa. Powder made from the bark can be used as medicine but is poisonous in high doses. In the past it was used as part of a “trial by ordeal” where the accused was given a potion made by soaking the bark in water; if the accused died after drinking it, he was considered guilty, but if he survived, he was acquitted. With the Ordeal works, Pich explores the fluidity of line and the free expansion of volume, all delimited by the basic forms of typical natural structures – themes that are also at the core of his geometric works.